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Excursions to the origins of Lippe and Pader

6. Mai 2018

Between 776 and 782, Charlemagne and his army encamped at the "Lippe Spring". In 780 he signed a document mentioning "Lippspringe, a fortified place in Saxony". This first documentary mention is considered as founding the place Lippspringe. There are 5 sources in Bad-Lippspringe. Two of them are karst springs and three are mineral and thermal springs.
In Paderborn, the Pader springs in a sprawling headwaters with 200 springs in the city center in a park.
On a beautiful sunny day these sources are viewed.

"Lippe origin"

Lippequelle

View over the Lippe spring with a view of the Arminius spring on the right. The source of Liborius is barely visible in the background.
pring pot of the Lippe spring

View into the approximately 4 meter deep spring pot of the Lippe spring, which is also called Odin's eye because of its color.

In Bad Lippspringe, the Lippe rises in a 4-meter-deep spring pot, which is also known as "Odin´ss Eye" because of its turquoise-blue color. It is a karst spring located 138.6 meters above sea level. The average water flow is 740 liters per second (2 x 664 cubic meters per hour), which makes the "Lippe-Quelle" one of the strongest sources in Germany.
After 237 km, the river Lippe near Wesel joins the Rhine.
The spring pond is located next to the castle ruins and is set with stones. You can climb up to a platform, from which you can see directly into the spring from above. From here, the eye-catching turquoise color is best seen. When we visited the Lippequelle, the entire spring area was covered with deposits. Divers of a local diving school just prepared to clean it. The view of the vegetation was therefore probably the worst that you can have on this day. On aquatic plants we were able to discover a narrow-leaved pondweed that spreads from the edge of the spring pot to the outflow of the basin. Below this point, the river Lippe flows into a canalized gravel bed in which only occasional swelling moss grows.




"Jordan-Quelle"

Jordanquelle im Jordan-Park in Lippspringe

River Jordans spring in Bad Lippsringe
Abfluss der Jordanquelle

Confluence of the river Jordan right with the Thunebach, which flows on this image towards the viewer.

Not far from the spring of river Lippe in the Jordan Park is the river Jordan spring. From here the second arm of the lip emerges. The springs are connected untrustrially. The "Jordan" got its name, because here is Karl & nbsp; the Great & nbsp; 776 the historic baptism of the Saxons defeated by him.
The water outlet of the Jordan spring depends on the rainfall in the surrounding area.
On one side the spring is set with stones on the other, the water flows from a tree right out of the gravelly ground. Since the water outlet depends heavily on the precipitation in the environment, it has happened in the past that the source area has fallen completely dry. For that reason, a small weir was installed, which dammed the water under the bridge at the source. Below this point, the spring water flows together with that of the Thunebachs, which takes over from here to the name of the Jordan. The Jordan flows in the Jordan Park in the direction of Lippe spring. About 1 km below the Jordan spring, the Jordan divides into two arms, of which the left flows into the Lippe after about 100 meters. The main arm continues to flow for about 1.5 kilometers parallel to the Lippe through Bad Lippspringe and then finally flows into the Lippe.
In the river bed grow Berula erecta , moss ( Fontinalis ) and Ranunculus sp. . Marsh Marigold ( Caltha palustris ) and Spotted Arum ( Arum maculatum ) flourished on the banks during our visit.

Arminus spring

Alte und Neue Armeniusquelle

From the right tap flows the old Arminiusquelle and from the left the new Armeniusquelle. In the background the ruins of the castle can be seen above the spring of the Lippe.
Arminiusquelle und Lippequelle

View towards the Jordan Park: pavilion on the left side of the Arminius spring, on the right the spring of the Lippe.

Bad Lippspringe is a health resort known for its mineral springs. The first healing spring was discovered in 1832, the Arminus Spring, which is located near the spring of river Lippe near the castle ruins. Here, the water rises at a temperature of 20.5 ° C from a 400 m deep vertical Earth column to the surface. Originally the water seeped in the area of the Lipppequelle. An old tradition says that sick and freshly sheared sheep should have visited this area, when coming to drink from the spring. Later, the above-ground outlet was then enclosed, so that the water can be used as medicinal water. The source got its name from the first medical doctors in Bad Lippspinge, whom they named in honor of the Cheruscian Prince Arminus (Hermann), who defeated the Romans in the nearby Teutoburg Forest in the year 9th AD.
In 1912 it was discovered that the spring water had found a new way up a few meters south of the enclosure. This new spring, whose water has a slightly different composition and tastes slightly different, is called the "New Arminus spring". The "Old Arminus Spring" has a bed of 9 cubic meters per hour, the "New Armenius Spring" raises 21 cubic meters per hour to the surface.
The water is used for drinking cures and there are always people to see who fill up and take water in canisters.




"Liboriusquelle"

Trinkhalle der Liboriusquelle

Trinking house of the Liborius spring
Liboriusquelle

In the Liborius spring flows from a tap on the front of the building.

Only a few meters from the Lippe spring and the Arminus spring lies the Liborius spring. Its water has a temperature of 15.9 ° C. It should act in the treatment of metabolic diseases. The most famous user of this source is Pabst Pius X, who is said to have suffered from a metabolic disorder. The spring is overbuilt with a neo-Gothic drinking hall from 1907 and flows from a metal tube into a tiled basin In the drinking hall, a sign with the composition of the water hangs us advice, with which illnesses the water is to help. As with the Arminus spring, water bottles are filled by residents and travelers.

Martinius spring

This source was discovered in 1962 during drilling. The water comes from a depth of 700 m and has a flow of 2000 liters per minute (2 cubic meters per hour) and enters the earth's surface at a temperature of 27.9 ° C. It is the most bubbling mineral spring in Germany. The water feeds the urban thermal swimming pool and the "Westfalentherme". We did not visit this source as part of our excursion.


"Pader-Quellen"

The Pader springs in the heart of Paderborn from over 200 spring pots, which give a average of 5000 liters of water per second (2664 cubic meters per hour). The largest river arms of the Pader spring out of six confined spring basins: & nbsp; Dammpader, Warme Pader, & nbsp; Börnepader, & nbsp; Dielenpader, Rothobornpader and Maspernpader. These 6 branches of the river merge on the edge of the historic old town to the riverbed of the Pader. The springs are fed by rainfall in the Paderborn plateaus. Two to four days after the rainfall, the seeped rainwater in Paderborn comes out again.

Paderquellen


Our excursion took us to the sources of the Warme Pader, the Börnepader and the Dammpader from the spring basin to the Stümpelsmühle, where these three branches of the river flow together with the Rothobornpader.
There is no or little vegetation in the spring pools. The water flows out of the ground and under the mounds on the sides out of pipes. In the draining branches of the river dense populations of a narrow-leaved spawning herb and berula.
The area is set in a park surrounded by many cafes and restaurants. When the weather is fine, the park is well attended.

Impressions from the excursion
Blick über die Lippequelle auf Liboriusquelle und Arminiusquelle
Lippequelle
Odinsauge
Laichkraut im Abfluss des Lippe-Quellteiches
Abfluss des Lippe-Quellteichs
Blick auf die Lippe unterhalb der Liborius-Trinkhalle
Jordanquelle
Jordanquelle
Abfluss der Jordanquelle
Berula und Quellmoos im Jordan
Wasserhahnenfuss im Jordan
Pavilion über der Arminiusquelle
Alte und Neue Arminiusquelle
Trinkhalle der Liberiusquelle
Liberiusquelle
Liberiusquelle
Bewuchs in der Pader nahe den Paderquellen im Zentrum von Paderborn
Quellbecken der Warmen Pader
Quellbecken der Börnepader
Quellbecken der Dammpader
Paderabfluss
Potamogeton und Berula
Rothobornpader
Stümpels Mühle


  • Blick über die Lippequelle auf Liboriusquelle und Arminiusquelle
  • Lippequelle
  • Odinsauge
  • Laichkraut im Abfluss des Lippe-Quellteiches
  • Abfluss des Lippe-Quellteichs
  • Blick auf die Lippe unterhalb der Liborius-Trinkhalle
  • Jordanquelle
  • Jordanquelle
  • Abfluss der Jordanquelle
  • Berula und Quellmoos im Jordan
  • Wasserhahnenfuss im Jordan
  • Pavilion über der Arminiusquelle
  • Alte und Neue Arminiusquelle
  • Trinkhalle der Liberiusquelle
  • Liberiusquelle
  • Liberiusquelle
  • Bewuchs in der Pader nahe den Paderquellen im Zentrum von Paderborn
  • Quellbecken der Warmen Pader
  • Quellbecken der Börnepader
  • Quellbecken der Dammpader
  • Paderabfluss
  • Potamogeton und Berula
  • Rothobornpader
  • Stümpels Mühle










Links

On the "Interessengemeinschaft Aquaristik MK" website is a from the excursion.